What is the overtime law in California?
California overtime law requires employers to pay eligible employees twice their rate of pay when those employees have worked more than 12 hours in a workday or more than eight hours on their seventh consecutive day of work. Eligible employees must be over 18 years old, though exemptions apply.
Employees who qualify for California overtime are paid at 1.5 times their standard rate when they work more than eight hours in a workday and more than 40 hours in a workweek. Employees also earn 1.5 times their standard rate for the first eight hours of their seventh consecutive day of work.
Unlike the federal overtime law, qualified employees are paid twice their standard rate when they work more than 12 hours in a workday or more than eight hours on their seventh consecutive day of work.
To be eligible to receive overtime payments, the employee must be over the age of 18 and employed in a non-executive, non-administrative, non-professional job. Employees over the age of 16 may also be eligible if they are legally allowed to leave school to start work. Employees on hourly rates, day rates, or an annual salary can still qualify for California overtime if they are not exempt (more on this below).
California overtime has many exemptions. For example, the employee is in a production role, so their pay can be quantified by the number of units the company produces. Also, exempt employees don’t have the freedom to choose how and when they do their job.
To be clear about who overtime laws apply to, check the exemptions on the State of California’s Department of Industrial Relations website and get professional advice if you have any doubts.