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The Ultimate List of Time and Attendance Statistics

Everything you ever wanted to know about how people spend their time on and off the clock

How does your workday compare to everyone else’s? Curious to know who gets the most time off? Want to know if a time tracking or scheduling app could save you money? You’re in luck. You can get all of the answers to these and many other work-related questions right here.

Time tracking

The average American workday is less than eight hours long
On average, US workers typically work 7.5 hours a day. Outside of working hours, men get 5.2 hours of leisure time, on average. For women, the average is 4.7 hours of leisure time. 1

Read more »Leisure time for men — 5.2 hours. Leisure time for women — 4.7 hours.

More than 1 in 3 time tracking systems is outdatedOnly 25 percent of US employees2 and just 14 percent of Canadian employees3 who track time use mobile apps. In the US, 38 percent use manual systems like punch cards and paper timesheets2. In Canada, 58 percent still track time using manual punch cards and timesheets, etc.3

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80 percent of employee timesheets have to be correctedUS employers say they have to correct errors on 80 percent of the timesheets their employees submit.5 The reason? Employees reveal it’s because they can’t remember their hours when they forget to clock in or out.1

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Time tracking isn’t just for hourly employeesOnly 66 percent of US workers2 and 54 percent of Canadian workers3 who track their time are paid by the hour. The rest are salaried, self-employed, or business owners.

Read more »What percentage of employees track their time? — U.S. 66% — Canada 54%

People who track their time like to be organizedAlmost two-thirds (62 percent) of US workers2 and 96 percent of Canadian workers3 who track their time categorize it by job, task, project, client, or miles traveled.

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Most American workers are happy to track their timeAlmost all (95 percent) of US workers who track their time say they are happy to do it. Three-quarters agree “it is very important and I try to be as accurate as I can.”2

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Most timesheets are submitted daily or weeklyIn the US, the monthly timesheet is a rare beast. Most people — 67 percent, to be exact — submit their timesheets daily or weekly, while 22 percent submit timesheets twice a month.2

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Save time and money with TSheetsOn average, businesses that use TSheets save 6 percent on gross payroll costs, reduce the time it takes to run payroll by three hours, and increase the amount of billable time they put on their invoices by 11 percent.5

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Wage theft and time theft

Wage theft costs US employees $22 billion a yearAlmost 10 percent of US business owners admit to taking time off employee timesheets after they have been submitted. This costs each worker between $1,400 and $6,000 a year. Nationally, that’s equivalent to around $22 billion.8

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Time theft costs US employers $11 billion a yearAlmost half (49 percent) of US employees2 and 62 percent of Canadian employees3 who track time admit to time theft. In the US, this costs employers more than $11 billion a year.

Read more »The national cost of wage and time theft — $22 billion in lost wages per year and $11 billion in lost revenue.

Buddy punching costs US employers $373 million a yearSixteen percent of US employees2 and 34 percent of Canadian employees3 who track time admit to buddy punching. In the US, this costs employers at least $373 million a year.

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Time theft is widespreadAccountants say 92 percent of their clients have a problem with time theft — adding 5 percent, on average, to their gross payroll costs.7

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Track time with TSheets to increase productivity, curb time theft and buddy punching, and more — free for 14 days!

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Labor law compliance

43 percent of US business owners don’t know what the FLSA isThe Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in 1938 to protect workers with a standard 40-hour workweek and a minimum wage — but 43 percent of US business owners are unaware of the legislation.8

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FLSA lawsuits have risen by 417 percent since 1997The worst-hit businesses in the US are restaurants, hotels, health care providers, construction companies, and clothing manufacturers.9

Read more »Lawsuits have increased 417% from 1997 to 2018.

The total cost of FLSA violations since 1984 is $2 billionThe total amount of back wages and fines recovered by the US Department of Labor for minimum wage and overtime violations under the FLSA amounts to $2,075,786,993.9

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Most FLSA prosecutions start with overtime violationsOver three-quarters (83 percent) of all of the money recovered by the US Department of Labor from US employers comes from overtime violations. Since 1984, this has cost businesses $1,717,270,795.9

Read more »83% of FLSA violations are for unpaid overtime — a total of $1.7 billion since 1984.

Most businesses suck at record-keepingOnly 16 percent of US business owners know timesheets have to be kept for two years. Roughly 1 in 3 (36 percent) of US business owners are aware that payroll records have to be kept for three years.10

Off-the-clock work is commonAlmost a third (28 percent) of US employees who track time admit to working off the clock — a major cause of wage theft and FLSA lawsuits.2

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A third of US businesses are breaking the law on comp timeOne in 3 private-sector employers in the US uses compensatory time (also known as “time off in lieu”) instead of paying overtime to employees — a common violation of the FLSA.11

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Productivity

Your smartphone is making you less productiveSmartphone users are four times more likely to be distracted by their phone at work than non-smartphone users. Just 10 percent of flip phone users admit to it being a distraction compared to 40 percent of people who use a smartphone.12

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36 percent of March Madness fans watch games at their desksOne in 5 US employees works fewer hours during the March Madness basketball tournament. But the majority (about 70 percent) don’t believe it has a negative impact on their productivity. As many as 1 in 5 admits to hiding in the restroom to watch games.13

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62 percent of US workers would give up a pay rise for more flexibilityWorkplace flexibility is important to many US workers, with almost two-thirds saying they would give up a pay rise to have more control over the hours they work.14

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62% of U.S. workers would prefer more flexibility vs. a salary increase. 79% of workers don't receive sick leave from their employer.

Most US workers want paid sick leave but few get itPaid sick leave is a rare benefit that US workers value highly. Many employees (85 percent) say employers should offer it but only 21 percent get it. It’s a similar story for other benefits, such as maternity and paternity leave.14

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93 percent of US employees prefer face-to-face meetings over video callsDespite vast improvements in video conferencing technology in recent years, most US employees who regularly travel for work say face-to-face meetings can’t be beaten.15

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Paid time off

70 percent of US workers don’t use their paid time offUS employers typically offer 11-15 vacation days per year but 16 percent of US employees get no paid time off at all. Of those who do get PTO, 70 percent don’t use all of it. They waste 600 million vacation days a year.14

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51 percent of Canadian workers don’t use their paid time offCanadian employers typically offer 10 vacation days per year. But up to 8 percent of Canadian employees get no paid time off at all. Of those who do get PTO, 51 percent don’t use it all. These employees usually leave at least five days unused.3

74 percent of Australian workers don’t use their paid time offAustralian employers typically offer 16-20 vacation days per year — but 14 percent of Australian employees get no paid time off at all. Of those who do get PTO, 74 percent don’t use it all. These employees usually leave at least six days unused.16

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Workers don't use all the paid time off coming to them — that includes 70% of U.S. workers, 51% of Canadian, and 74% of Australia workers.

80 percent of US workers would take a pay rise over more time offJust 1 in 5 US employees would prefer to get more time off instead of more money from their employer. The remaining 80 percent would take the money.14

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65 percent of Canadian workers would take a pay rise over more time offMore than 1 in 3 Canadian employees would prefer to get more time off instead of more money from their employer. The remaining 65 percent would take the money.3

69 percent of Australian workers would take a pay rise over more time offLess than 1 in 3 Australian employees would prefer to get more time off instead of more money from their employer. The remaining 69 percent would take the money.16

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Shift work and scheduling

Employers waste a lot of time on work schedulesOnly 18 percent of US employers who schedule shifts use an app to do so. On average, they spend 2.4 hours a week preparing workers’ shift schedules.17

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68 percent of employee work schedules are handwrittenAlmost 1 in 2 shift workers (45 percent) in the US gets their weekly work schedule on a piece of paper. One in 10 receives it via phone or text. Another 1 in 10 receives it on a spreadsheet. And 3 percent receive it on a whiteboard.17

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Employees receive their work schedule different ways — on paper 45%, by phone 10%, in a spreadsheet 10%, and on a whiteboard 3%.

It’s common for shift workers to miss shiftsFor almost 1 in 10 businesses in the US that employs shift workers, it is a daily occurrence for workers to miss shifts. Another 18 percent say it happens several times a week. Just 2 percent say their employees never miss shifts.17

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Employers lose thousands of dollars a year when employees miss shiftsHaving to find last-minute replacements, close early, or pay extra to find cover adds $633 a month, on average, to employers’ operating costs. That’s equivalent to $7,594 a year.17

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Shift workers struggle with last-minute schedule changesAlmost two-thirds of US shift workers have had a shift canceled at the last minute. Some 39 percent say they have been told the night before their shift was due to start, while 20 percent have been told on the way to work. Almost a third (28 percent) have been told when they arrive at work.17

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Many employers share work schedules at the last minuteOne in 5 US employers gives less than a week’s notice of employee work schedules. Over half (55 percent) of shift workers say they need more notice than their employer usually provides.17

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One in five employers give less than a week's advanced notice when providing work schedules. 55% of employees want more notice.

Shift-working jobs have a high turnoverThe No. 1 challenge faced by US business owners who employ shift workers is holding on to good employees, followed by workers missing shifts, recruitment problems, labor costs, and planning weekly shift schedules.17

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Shift workers struggle with work-life balanceThe No. 1 challenge faced by US shift workers is having enough time for their hobbies, followed by finding time to see friends, exercise, eat well, and get a good night’s sleep.17

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Most shift workers don’t get regular breaksOnly 78 percent of US businesses that employ shift workers allow their employees to take regular breaks. Almost half (46 percent) don’t provide a rest area or lounge for employees.17

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Technology in the workplace

GPS tracking is on the riseAround 1 in 3 workers in the US, Canada, Australia, and the UK has been tracked by GPS at work. Most are more concerned about data and battery use than privacy.18

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At least 1 in 10 GPS users is tracked 24-hours a dayIn Australia, 11 percent of employees who use GPS tracking at work say their employer tracks them 24 hours a day. In the US, the proportion rises to 15 percent. In Canada, it rises again to 16 percent. In the UK, it’s 21 percent — more than 1 in 5.18

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GPS tracking is increasing in the workplace. One in three workers have been tracked in the U.S., Canada, AU, and U.K.

For many workers, privacy is not the No. 1 concern about GPS trackingEmployees in the US, Canada, and Australia are more concerned about data and battery drain than privacy when being tracked by a GPS app at work. Only British workers cite privacy as their No. 1 concern.18

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Most Americans don’t know what biometric data isOnly 1 in 10 people in the US know that fingerprint scans, retina and iris scans, DNA tests, handprint geometry, and photographs of faces all contain biometric data.19

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Data Sources

All of the data above was collected by TSheets by QuickBooks and is made available under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original source is cited with attribution to“TSheets by QuickBooks.”

  1. Data obtained by TSheets from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ American Time Use Survey in 2017.
  2. Time tracking survey of 1,000 US employees via PollFish. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in February 2017.
  3. Time tracking survey of 500 Canadian employees via PollFish. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in February 2018.
  4. Timesheet error survey of 500 U.S. business owners via Google Surveys. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in October 2017.
  5. Internal survey of 924 TSheets customers via Getfeedback. The survey conducted by TSheets in January 2018.
  6. Wage theft survey of 500 US business owners via Google Surveys. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in February 2018.
  7. Time theft surveys of 242 accountants and bookkeepers in the US via Influitive and GoToWebinar. The surveys were conducted by TSheets between June 2017 and January 2018.
  8. FLSA survey of 500 business owners via Google Survey. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in February 2018.
  9. Based on data obtained by TSheets from the US Department of Labor in March 2018. The dataset contains 253,442 FLSA violations dating back to 1984.
  10. Record-keeping survey of 400 US business owners and managers via Qzzr. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in July 2018.
  11. Comp time survey of 500 business owners via Google Surveys. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in January 2017.
  12. Phone use survey of 1000 US adults (18+) via OnePoll. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in May 2017.
  13. March Madness survey of 200 US employees via Google Surveys. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in March 2018.
  14. PTO survey of 400 US employees via PollFish. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in April 2017.
  15. Work travel survey of 811 U.S. workers via PollFish. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in August 2017.
  16. Annual leave survey of 500 Australian workers via PollFish. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in October 2017.
  17. Scheduling surveys of 500 US business owners via Google Surveys and 1,000 US employees via PollFish. The surveys were commissioned by TSheets in September 2017.
  18. Global GPS survey of 2500 employees in the US, Canada, Australia, and the UK. The surveys were commissioned by TSheets in 2017.
  19. Biometric survey of 500 US adults via Google Surveys. The survey was commissioned by TSheets in November 2017.

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